A brief summary. As said, the Howard connection with Earl Marshal goes back to medieval times, the first Duke receiving the creation in 1483. Each of the Dukes was Earl Marshal for a time with the exception of the 5th, who was mad and incarcerated. Nevertheless, the family did not grasp it permanently until 1672, when the 6th Duke succeeded.
The Norfolk family is Catholic and was barred from performing the duties of Earl Marshal throughout the 18th century, duties which included the coronation. A Protestant deputy acted on the Duke's behalf: in 1714, this was the Earl of Suffolk, in 1727 the Earl of Sussex and in 1761 the Earl of Effingham. The bar was lifted by Act of Parliament in 1824 and since then the Dukes have exercised their responsibilities.
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