Re: Fakes? Link to pics at the bottom of the query.
Posted by Andrew J Pye on December 10, 2010, 3:28 pm, in reply to "Fakes? Link to pics at the bottom of the query."
Hi Kim |
I think the starting point is that transferware is not of one quality. In the early days (1785-1830ish)it was produced mainly as an up-market product, then as that market was saturated potters moved into the mid-market and lower. So you do get great variation in quality through the 1800s as increasingly potters were making to a price and some say that from 1820 it was downhill thereafter and there is some truth in that. I actually believe that more potters went bust in the first half of the 1800s, because their quality was too good, rather than because they were producing rubbish. Their costs of manufacture were greater than the market would bear, but many knew exactly how to make to a price and pitch their goods to the intended market.
So, your cup and saucer. Are they fakes? No. They may be late 1800s and relatively poor quality, difficult to tell from the images, but they are not fakes. They may qualify for the term reproduction, but are now of an age that they also qualify for the term antique. If they were fakes they would have been made in China last week (sorry that is a bit stereotypical!) and looking at the foot rim of the saucer you would see a bare foot, with no glaze and a huge dollop of glaze on the base within the foot rim. My guess is late Victorian and maybe the maker bought the printing plates and began to reproduce. Don't know for sure as I do not recognise the pattern and it is difficult without the touchy feely aspect.
The plate is totally genuine, but in a way a fake, as the Swedish pottery Gustavberg copied patterns produced in Staffordshire and sort of rode on the back of the success of the Staffordshire potteries. They were not afraid to copy other potters patterns. I am not too familiar with their backstamps but the 76 is probably a date mark for 1876, which would fit with the pattern?
I think they both pass the sniff test, but do not score that highly on the "great art" measure. They may be enjoyed for what they genuinely are.