Thanks for all the images and other details about backstamps. Very interesting. Disregard my first posting about your china, as it is comprehensively wrong!
It is not Florence pattern, as there are distinct differences, but it is Rome as that is the name printed on the back of at least one piece. Florence and Rome patterns are closely similar in style and inspiration and appear to have been introduced about the same time 1879/80. I have never come across your Rome pattern before and can find no references to it anywhere. There is no pattern number on the backs of your pieces as this is a plain printed pattern. These were not given factory pattern numbers and recorded in the pattern books, as they were printed from engraved copper plates and all you had to do was take the plates off the shelf and print some more. The pattern came out the same every time.
Letís go through the various backstamps and see what they can tell us. First the impressed marks. Copeland curved over a B was used from about 1860 to 1895 and shows that this is Copelandís B body, which is a cream coloured earthenware. The impressed marks of a letter over 2 numbers are codes for date of manufacture, so F, L, S and U over 80 are for February, July, September and August 1880. M over 82 is March 1882, so maybe this piece was a later replacement.
Then there is the impressed diamond shape mark. This shows that the design was registered in the Design Registry in London and as it is impressed rather than printed, it is the shape that was registered, not the Rome pattern itself. Your china is on Chelsea shape, which Connie identified more accurately than I did. Charlotte shape is similar, but the fluting is broader, with some swirling and the rims have points, rather than the rounded shaping of Chelsea. Copeland registered their Chelsea shape on 15 November 1879 and in the impressed diamond (if you can read it) I would expect to see 15 at the top, Y on the right, K at the bottom and 16 on the left.
Now the printed marks. W T Copeland & Sons (the one printed with Rome), was used from about 1868 to 1890, although rarely found on its own and usually part of backstamps that include an address.
The large printed mark with W T Copeland & Sons in the garter mark, with the crown and Stoke in Trent in ribbon beneath is recorded in use from 1882 to 1894, usually on earthenwares exported to the USA. Now we can record that it was in use from at least 1880.
That is about all I can tell you about your set. It is possible that Rome was made mainly or exclusively for the North American market?
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