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Wasn't one of the rebuilt Italian WW2 cruisers fitted with Polaris tubes? Garibaldi?? I recall they were never installed.
Prof. Joel J. Sokolsky, Seapower in the Nuclear Age (1991) has some information. The envisioned NATO Multilateral Force comprised:
"... 25 surface ships [each mounting] 8 Polaris A-3 missiles, with a range of 2,500 miles on each ship. The Europeans would build the ships and the US would supply the missiles. These ships would be assigned to SACEUR and would have multinational crews. ... The MLF idea reflected a growing preference for the basing of nuclear weapons at sea while at the same time providing partial solutions to the political problems of nuclear ownership, planning, and decision. It was with regard to the decision-making procedures for firing the MLF missiles that the project appeared to flounder and was eventually discarded."
and there is the instance of USS Biddle(renamed Claude V. Ricketts) having a multinational crew as part of the Multilateral Force experiment. Anyone know what the assessment was. I see the online brief history indicates successful and not replicated. Was it considered a success?
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