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Pray read on, from somebody nearer the events:
“And so on the morning of December 11 – just a month after the conclusion of the armistice which had signified their defeat – the returning German legions marched up Unter der Linden where their fathers and grandfathers had marched in triumph after their victories over Denmark and Austria and France. Under a leaden sky the troops defiled with their standards and music and their arms, as if they too were victors. At the Brandenburger Tor, surmounted by the quadriga of Victory, Ebert greeted them with the words: ‘I salute you, who return unvanquished from the field of battle’. With this sentence, intended to gratify the troops, he absolved the General Staff and condemned the Revolutionary Republic. The legend of the ‘stab in the back’ had been born; the seeds of the Second World War already sown.”
1. Source P31, Nemesis of Power – The German Army in Politics, 1918-1945.Second Edition, MacMillan, 1967 Author J.W. Wheeler-Bennett. K.C.V.O,C.M.G,O.B.E.
2. The words spoken by Ebert are drawn from a German Publication: Friedrich Ebert, Schriften, Aufzeichnungen und Reden (Dresden, 1926), Chapter ii, P127-130.
3. The quote is found in the Chapter titled ‘From Spa to Kapp (November 1918-March 1920)’ and lays out the relationship in detail between the Weimar State and the German General Staff.
but they were still on foreign territory when the armistice was signed.
whose president lauded the troops returning from the front as 'unbeaten', which in turn occasioned the 'stab in the back' lie. The right wing latched on to this, and were further encouraged by the hatred of anything socialist/communist. It will be remembered that it was communists that prevented the High Seas Fleet sailing against the Grand Fleet. As for the end of WW2, the U-boat arm was never beaten, at least according to some views.
Brest-Litovsk was a treaty taking full advantage of not only a war-weary, beaten backward nation, but one then entering political and social revolution which was a climate fostered and encouraged by the benefactor. Despicable!
Versailles was a vengeance insisted relentlessly by France upon Germany alone and to its end, not only for reparation for the destruction almost exclusively wrought upon the eastern homeland after four years of warfare, but to a large extent also to amend and address the humiliation of 1870. Spiteful!
Brest-Litovsk begat the Soviet's and 30 years of a murderous merciless dictator in Stalin.
Versailles gave us without question Hitler and his brutal thuggish Nazi's, and in August 1939 with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact together they resulted in a global war that beggared belief in its scale and ferocity (as a matter of history, don't let the Russian's forget it!).
The five years between 1918 and '23 were very significant but, "The past is a foreign country, they do things differently there." So leave it.
Both treaty's were as bad as the other but were products of their time.
Even after the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, Russia remained the largest cou ntry on Earth. In addition, the treaty did not intervene in any way in Russian internal affairs.
The fact is that in European historical perspective the Versailles Treary was an abomination, a perversion of a "peace treaty". Let's put it this way: the US would never accept a similar treaty against itself. Never.
As Churchill pointed out in his "Holiday Time" speech, if you compare what the Germans left the Russians in the Treaty of Brest Litovsk to what the Germans were left in the Treaty of Versailles, the latter was a punitive instrument mild in comparison to the German conception. Those who think otherwise should actually read Brest Litovsk before they start to whinge about Versailles.
Saw the Kindle edition of this book for $2.99 and thought I'd give it a whirl. Glad I didn't pay any more. Unfocused text written largely at an introductory level. Pictures and descriptions of Type II, VII, and IX boats jumbled together without any rhyme or reason. Lots of landlubber language and German ranks and titles with tildes inserted between syllables. The author is obviously a bitter old far-right crank who won't shut up about how badly the Allied powers treated Germany in the aftermath of WWI, like I purchased a serious technical/operational study to read the author's inane ramblings!
Seriously, I've been studying the Battle of the Atlantic for over 20 years now, and I'm getting tired of this Nazisploitation crap weaseling its way in amongst serious reference books. How this guy got to be a respected naval historian beats me; I purchased his "Hitler's Wonder U-boats" three years ago, and it was just as bad.
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