Tampke argues that this aggression led to the First World War and then, when Germany was thwarted, continued on into the Nazis and the Second World War. Of course, this militarism was fed by a huge sense of grievance at the apparently punitive terms of the Versailles Treaty of 1918, which settled the outcome of WW1. But Tampke argues that, far from such resentment being the central reason for the rise of the Nazis and the Second World War, the desire for German militarism was always there.
Indeed, for many, the Versailles Treaty didn't go far enough and its terms were neatly side-stepped, or simply not honoured, by the cunning and non-contrite Germans. The Germans continued re-arming and evading reparations. This was certainly the view of the French, but not of the British, where a forgiving and more lenient view immediately set in, led by 'constructive' diplomats and academics such as the economist John Maynard Keynes, and then by the British Premier Lloyd George himself.