Definitive; there's no such beast. Way back BCE (before computers entered) in a British magazine called Scale Models there was a series of articles by Del Palmieri, called "USN Camouflage Of WWII." It ran from April 1, 1979 until June 1982. If you can run that series down, it is well worth reading. We met at an IPMS regional convention in New York about the time the articles entered publication. He allowed me to access a set of very well preserved USN color chips. He developed a set of formulas using Humbrol paints, which matched those chips as well as the eyeball can detect.
Historically the colors of a ship are at the discretion of the captain. There was a significant difference in approach to paint systems between Atlantic Commands and Pacific Commands. Ships 2, in 1941 gives many illustrations of Ms 16 patterns. Ms 17 can be considered an onsite, obscure offspring of the Thayer System. The Snyder and Short chips are very close to the USN chips. The average eyeball looking at a model would not notice the distinction. You would have to be looking at two authentic chips side by side in order to detect it. Even then you would be looking at fresh paint. Considering the supply lines and individual paint mixes in the ship yard or aboard ship, it wouldn't make any difference. In the Snyder and Short color chip series there is a chip for RN B-6 (1941). If you cut US 5-B Thayer blue(late 1941) with ten (new) to fifteen percent (weathered) white, you will get an approximation to that color. It's that unstable Ultramarine blue paste again. No ships of any nation at that time had durable paint as regards the ravages of the sea. Corrosion was the major problem. Even today when paints are far more durable, there is not a good solution. I have a paint chip taken off the hull of USS Forest Sherman. It is supposed to be neutral gray. There are at least eight discernable coats visible under magnification, no two quite the same hue.
The best guess for USS Chicopee Photo No. 19-N-32722 would be that it was taken in black and white, on a glass plate negative during a very bright partly cloudy day, probably late morning. The paint is recent, but already slightly weathered. Based on Dell's research, 5-N is awfully dark. Accepting that, the colors are USN stocks, probably: White, modified 5-B Thayer Blue (late 1941) Light Gray (early 1941), 5-H Haze Gray(late 1941) and 5-O Ocean Gray(late 1941). The scheme is likely a yard mixture to suit the Atlantic requirements. Proving this is beyond my means, but it appears a reasonable estimate.
PS: If you wish to see what has been going on in recent years, go to papermodelers.com, design threads, rjccjr.