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Re: 80 years ago: Battle of River Plate
Well worth a read is the biography of Rear Admiral (Commodore at the battle)Harwood by Capt.Peter Hore. ISBN 978-1-5267-2529-5. I can't see how it can be said that the battle wasn't a success for the RN which is a continuing mantra (see Dr. Zimm in USNI History). Firstly, the Spee was hunted successfully by the Commodore Harwood and the damage done by gunnery duel to the Spee was enough to make Langsdorff to take fright and scuttle the Panzerschiffe.
As far as commanding officer's of RN cruisers, there is a clear distinction between HMS Cumberland's Fallowfield, who had the chance to find and shadow the Spee, and Commodore Harwood who did. HMS Cumberland as a single command had no need to take on the Spee, but shadow (a cruiser's function) until greater concentration of ships could occur.
80 years ago, the Battle of River Plate was fought - a gun duel fought by torpedo experts and therefore not very successful. But for sure HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax, and HMNZS Achilles achieved to damage the cruiser Admiral Graf Spee sufficiently to cause her to seek shelter in Montevideo. There a much less known cruiser played some role: the Uruguayan torpedo cruiser (torpedo gunboat) Uruguay was tasked to enforce Uruguayan neutrality. Uruguay was built in 1910 and was already then a very small cruiser.
There is a Combrig kit of Uruguay, which I have built:
Uruguay (1/700, Combrig)
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