p1DF2 : lundi 14 novembre 2016
p1DO2 : NA
p1DO3 : 59
p1DP3 : 19
p1DQ3 : 55
p1DO4 : …(indiquer dans les commentaires)
p1DP4 : masculin
p1DQ4 : moins de.21 ans
p1DR4 : Maltraitance dans l'enfance. Enfance chaotique.Oui il l'est.
Location: France (north)
Male, age less than 21 years old. "Abused as child. Chaotic childhood.Yes the test is accurate."
Computer output: NA− or NA= type, with S score of 59 (high). Low-moderate temperament T and extroversion E scores. Low aggression A score. Low R score.
With an elevated S score of 59 and a low aggression A score, the probability of A− trait is high. A low R score is most common in subjects giving test results of NA− or NA= type.
Is the concurrence of childhood abuse and A− trait a coincidence here, or can unfavorable circumstances in childhood be the cause of a persistent A− trait in adolescence and beyond? In our original exposition of the NPA model (Book 1985) we thought the answer was yes. That is, although most instances of A− trait are of genetic origin, we thought that there could be phenocopies of the trait caused by coercive environmental factors in early childhood. By analogy, we gave the example of an aggressive dog that could be converted to a permanent submissive A− state by rigorous "training". We speculated that this could similarly sometimes occur in humans, but this is another facet of the NPA model that would need confirmation after the NPA loci are identified.
(In genetics, the term phenocopy refers to a situation in which environmental factors result in a trait similar to one caused by a genetic mechanism. An example would be darkening of the skin due to chronic exposure to the sun mimicking innate dark skin color.)
The obverse issue would also have to be considered: does the genetic presence of A− trait in a young child make the child more susceptible to being abused, and if so, then what are the specific familial risk factors?
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