Some land based jets do have tailhooks (F-15 and F-16 come to mind) but they are for catching wires at the far end of the runway in case of brake failure, they are not the same as carrier based tailhooks. As previously mentioned there is a world of difference in the airframes and landing gear between land and carrier based aircraft.
: Hey, Guys?
: Hi ... May I ask you a "What If"
: The two Soviet aircraft carriers; could
: either of them, in an one-off thing, recover
: a fixed wing fighter - like a F-20
: Thank you,