Family dog classes teach a Leave It command.It is taught with a high value food. The trainer drops the food and just as it hits the floor and the dog lunges for it, a Leave It command is given and the dog gets a pop from the leash and then slack leash. Often the trainer gives the first correction, so it is timed properly. The dog or puppy will rapidly learn to not lunge and then will actually look the other way and avoid the food. This command is what you use when you drop lethal pills on the floor at night or drop a hamburger or your dog gives a hard look to your other dog. It should only take a minute or two of training and if you are not getting the dog's attention away from the desired object, you are doing something wrong. Try it with food first and eventually introduce the older dog but keep the dog at enough distance so that the young dog doesn't go into a red zone but is just giving a hard look.
There are loads of different ways to teach this command. Here is a soft way of training Leave It;
The most important thing to remember is that if the handler gets LOUD or corrects with a prong collar, the dog will probably be urged on in her attack by the pain and noise. Also the dog may be reading your tension from your leash hand when your other dog approaches. Your tension runs right down the leash to your dog. It is alright to be tense but you must be an actor and not show it.
Finally, the most important thing is to immediately give the dog a loose leash after a correction. Tight leash will keep the dog on the offensive. This was demonstated dramatically by my trainer a few days ago and my dog's reaction was amazing to me.
I agree with the other answers recommending ob class. If your young dog is dominant in her relationship with you, then she will be responsible for deciding to protect you, as well as claim you, when another dog approaches.
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