Re: Are the presa canario and the Alano the same breed?
Posted by hugo on 4/7/2010, 5:10 pm, in reply to "Re: Are the presa canario and the Alano the same breed?"
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: Are the Presa canario and the Spanish Alano
: the same breed with diffrent names?
And this is the origin of the Perro de Presa Canario:
The Canarian archipelago consists of seven islands that now, together, are called the Canary Islands. Some argue that the Island (Great) Canaria is so named because the local tribesmen were called canaries. However, it is unclear who provided the name who. I mean if Canaria Island was called to adopt the name given to its inhabitants, or rather its aborigines were called canaries in response to the name of the island. Another view among the most accredited theories, although not without controversy, is that the name of the Canary Islands was due to the existence of large "canis" among it fauna. Whatever the real story is, there is no discussion among historians in the sense that the islands now known as Gran Canaria and Tenerife, were populated by dogs, a lot of them wild, but all of small size (which serves to weaken the second argument put forward about the origin of the name of the archipelago). For example, in his book General History of the Canary Islands, Agustín Millares Torres tells old versions according to which, referring to Canaria, note that "... there are pigs, sheep and goats and wild dogs that seem to wolves, although small ... " The chaplains of the conqueror Juan de Bethencourt also allege that the dogs of Canary "... were wild dogs like wolves, but they are small.". As we all know, to conquer the island arrived Gadifer Juan de Bethencourt and La Salle in July 1492 and on arrival they found in the place aboriginal dogs small as the ones mentioned.
But the conquerors did not arrived alone, they invaded the islands, as they did a little later in America, accompanied by dogs of war that were mostly Spanish Alano. These Alanos were very agile dogs, of medium size but very strong and with powerful jaws as their primary function was to serve as catch dogs for semi-savage livestock, for big hunting and to guard the livestock. Given the great value and courage of these dogs, whose ancestors carried blood of warriors (remember that war dogs called Alanos served to the tribes of the Alani invading Spain in 406 aC), they were used by the Spanish conquerors in every adventure of conquest.
These dogs settled in the new territories of the conquered archipelago, and performed the same functions they performed in the country of origin. Above all, used by farmers and butchers to catch cattle (bull dog). From the mixture of these war dogs brought to the Islands by the Spanish conquerors, and the aboriginal dogs of the islands it was formed by natural selection a catch dog of medium size but very robust, with large head and powerful bite. But also, his tenacity, his agility, his courage and daring and powerful bite makes them ideal for dog fights, as indeed occurred for centuries.
The existence of aboriginal dogs of the islands, by the way, is clearly documented. In 1516 it was ordered the extermination of wild dogs for the damage they caused to livestock, a task to which they used a pair of catch dogs owned by Don Pedro de Lugo, trained for that task. Later, several similar orders were progressively given, which shows the many dogs (and catch dogs) that existed in the islands. For example, on February 19, 1618 it was ordered to chain all dogs, and on October 21, 1624 it was ordered that any neighbor can only have one dog for guarding his home. In 1630 it was ordered that anyone who has a catch dog should communicate to the authority. And in 1645 it was ordered again to kill all the dogs on the island for the damage they caused to cattle.
Moreover, following the conquest of America, the cultivation of sugar cane experienced the competition from the Caribbean sugar cane so that in the Canary field started to cultivate grapes and start a new relationship trade; England became the major buyer of the new product. The presence of English traders began in the late fifteenth century and gradually increased until the end of 1700. These traders arrived in the Canaries with their dogs that also gave their blood to the existing dogs. The new comers also inaugurate a new activity or "entertainment" hitherto unknown in the islands: the dogfight. To all this range of canine blood it was added the blood of Bardino Majorero (aboriginal from the Isle of Fuenteventura), dog prized in the islands for his courage, his ability to work with semi savage livestock and his great capacity as a guard dog.
Thus as the result of this great mixture of bloods the Presa Canario was formed. The type, as with all dogs in ancient times, is not that uniform because the crossing will be mainly concerned with functionality rather than aesthetics.
However, prohibited the fights of dogs around the 1940s (although they remain until the 1950s), the same reasons that led to near-extinction to Spanish Alano, a similar phenomenon occurred in the Presa Canario dog around 1960. As a result, since 1970 began a "recovery" slowly but surely leading to the "renewal" of this extraordinary breed.
It is a dog of medium stature, but powerful, with a solid temperament, self-confident and valuable. It is an intelligent animal that has a suitable profile for use as personal protection dog, a task which is not uncommon to see him in. For example, the Red Star kennel, is specialized in Presa Canarios dogs for personal protection training. There are still, even though counted with the fingers of one hand, lines of Presa Canarios that are proven gladiators. In recent years, the Presa Canario was recognized (and is now on probation) by the FCI based in Belgium, of which Spain, as over a hundred other countries are, is a part. The name under which it has been recognized by the FCI is not Presa Canario but Dogo Canario, which has already caused great discontent, and polemics among breeders, owners and fans to the point that today both names are used but with different characteristics.
Unfortunately as with all working breeds, the commercial factor, money and personal interests end up ruining the breeds that quickly become dysfunctional and figures without temperament, which are sold only by aesthetics and fashion. This problem has not been outside the Presa Canario so before buying a pupy must be careful to select a breeder who breeds with working lines (which are few).
I hope you now have a more clear idea about both breeds. Sorry about my poor English.