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Re: Beginning of WW2
Dates of start and end of "World wars" is much more complicated than it is said here .
First the term of "World" war was not qualified as such in beginning of hostilities since for the first one it started between European countries and in Europe. Term of "World" war came later when the conflict extended in colonies since most of belligerents owned colonies overseas.
Second, to define a state of war it is before to point out who is in war with who and normally an act of war declaration must be signed officially and informed by embassies . For many politic reasons not all belligerents and alies didn't entered the war in same time so, dates of war start and end isn't the same for all.
Third, do not confuse what is an armistice and a treaty of peace stating a definitive end of war.
Thus it cannot be asked a question about a fact of war in general term of "World war I" and "WW II" without point out a precise date of it.
BTW, that Foch declared Treaty of Versailles "An armistice for 20 years" is a politic point of view because the true armistice was signed on 11 Nov 1918 in Compiègne forest in a train wagon of his own HQ but it is on 28 June 1919 that the real Treaty of Peace was signed in Versailles.
Not to confuse also a "Redition" and "capitulation" stating different states of war stop and the correct dates to refer "into" or "out" of an active war.
Sure that Nankin clash couldn't concern other than a local conflict in 37 with Chinese and Japan not like a start for the rest of the world in WWII later.
There are different dates for the start of WW2. Foch said the of Treaty of Versailles"This is not peace. It is an armistice for 20 years". The Smithsonian Instutionas Air & Space curator at the time of docent training for UHC (Udvar-Hazy Center) considered the Peking Incident in 1937 the start of WW2. 'You pay your money, and you take your choice.'
Maybe it is a technicality, but IMHO the 2nd "World War" started in December 1941, prior to that there was the "European War" and a Sino-Japanese Conflict. I realize most Histories will retroactively date the start as 1939, 1936, or even 1918.
JACOB JONES (DD-130) was the first US destroyer sunk by German submarine torpedo in January 1942, after the conflict went worldwide. The others lost prior were by Japanese carrier A/C in a Harbour attack, and one lost a battle with King Neptune. RUBEN JAMES was sunk prior to the US entering the war, i.e. before it became a "World War".(like PANAY)
Not sure what you mean here. DD-61 JACOB JONES was the first U.S. destroyer sunk by U-boat in the World Wars. If you meant in each World War, REUBEN JAMES is correct for WW II.
How about DD-61 and DD-130? (had to word specifically as there were two others sunk earlier in WW2 by other means)
Since the question asked "...World Wars" that would include WW I. That would be the JACOB JONES sunk on December 6, 1917 by U-53.
Along similar lines as those below:
What was the first US Destroyer sunk by German U-Boot during the World Wars?